Summer Sale: 30% Off Sunglasses & EyeglassesShop Now

Measure Your Pupillary Distance

How to Measure  Your Pupillary Distance (PD)?

The distance between your pupils partially balances your glasses prescription. Your eyewear provider will frequently measure it for you, but your prescription does not contain this information.

The pupils, the dark circles in the center of your eyes, can enlarge to let in lighter or contract to focus on a distant object. They facilitate nighttime or low-light vision. One of the many measures you need to take while getting glasses is the distance between your pupils.

It is frequently advisable to repeat the procedure numerous times to guarantee that you have the most accurate measurement and can see clearly through your prescription glasses. If you are unsure, find out more about our pupillary distance measuring app or visit our Optical Center immediately to speak with an optician.

Measurement of Pupillary Distance

You must take a pupillary reading distance before ordering glasses online. You can reasonably complete it at home, even though some businesses provide tools to aid you in this process.

How to Determine Your PD Independently?

8 inches should be left between you and the mirror.

Bring a ruler to your forehead. Make sure you use millimeters when measuring.

. Place the 0-millimeter point in the center of your left pupil while keeping your right eye closed.

You should be looking straight ahead with your right eye open. Next, shut your left eye.

Find the line that crosses your left pupil's center. The example's pupillary distance is the same as yours.

Types of Pupillary Distance

There are two types of pupillary distance, which can change based on your look.

Single Pupillary Distance

The binocular pupillary distance, commonly known as the distance between the two pupils' centers, is being measured. Because only one number and both eyes are utilized, it is referred to as single or binocular. It is the measurement technique that is used the most commonly.

Dual Pupillary Distance

The distance between the center of one pupil and the bridge of your nose is known as the monocular pupillary distance and is indicated by its name. Each number corresponds to one of the left or right eyes on the dual PD. It frequently happens that one side differs somewhat from the other. You must also be familiar with these:

Far Pupillary Distance

When you are gazing out into the distance, this is the distance between the centers of your pupils. Your provider will frequently check this PD unless you purchase a reading or computer glasses.

Near Pupillary Distance

When you focus your eyes on anything nearby, like when reading, the near pupillary distance measures the distance from the center of your pupils. Often, it is three to four millimeters in diameter or smaller than your far PD.

Importance of Pupillary Distance

The most popular method for sizing glasses is using the pupillary distance. Even though PD isn't typically required for managing your vision treatment, your eye doctor may use it to examine specific aspects of your vision or eye function. Therefore, it will not be on your prescription even if you ask for it while getting glasses.

Each lens in a pair of prescription sunglasses or eyeglasses has an "optical center." The ideal viewing area for vision correction is the region in front of your pupil, often known as the "optical center."

Make sure the lenses have been centered in accordance with where your pupils are by using the PD measurement as a guide. This will guarantee that the lenses are correctly positioned within the frame for an enjoyable and clear viewing experience.

Average Pupillary Distance

Adults usually have pupillary distances of 50 to 75 millimeters, with an average of 63 millimeters. The PDs in children are frequently at least 40 millimeters. However, it's crucial to gauge your distance rather than rely on averages.

The pupillary distance varies from person to person and is determined by a person's age, sex, and ethnicity. Up until the age of 30, it also changes significantly with age. It's crucial to reward a youngster for new glasses from birth to age 19 when their growth is most noticeable.

Determining Stereo Acuity

Using PD, your eye doctor will test your stereo acuity, also known as depth perception. Even though each eye sees objects and images separately, your brain combines the left and right experiences to create a three-dimensional vision. Your doctor can determine how far your left and right eyes' fields of vision diverge from one another using the pupillary distance.

Examining Convergence at a Nearby Place

Near-point convergence happens as soon as your eyes focus on a close object. Your doctor may provide a test to determine how well your eyes work together to concentrate by holding a pencil or other object close to your nose.

How to Adjust Glasses?

For the best viewing experience, you want your lens's center to be directly in front of your pupil. Aligning your prescription with your pupil enhances vision and eases eye strain because your prescription is most apparent in the center. The measurement will, however, change depending on the style of glasses you select.

An optician might utilize a handheld pupillometer or a digital PD meter. They bring this up to your face and adjust it to the right distance. They might also make marks on a pair of glasses and use a particular ruler or a pair of glasses to measure the distance between them.

What Happens If You Don't Know Your Pupillary Distance Correctly?

Your prescription for glasses is made apparent and comfortable by the pupillary distance. A wrong measurement could result in blurriness, headaches, or eye strain. Mistakes can still occur if you measure it manually or your optician uses a PD meter. Usually, you weren't looking straight ahead, or the bridge's meter was too low.

Even if you use specialized lenses like progressive lenses that require precise measurements, having a professional take your PD measures is still advisable. You can ask an eyewear retailer or an eye doctor's office to measure it if you need to order children's glasses, are having difficulties getting the measurement, or are concerned the number is incorrect.

How to Determine Someone’s PD?

To determine someone's PD, have them stare at something with both eyes open from roughly 20 feet. By aligning the 0mm point of a ruler with the centers of the first pair of pupils, you can measure the opposite pupil's center.

The only thing you need to ensure is that they keep their eyes straight ahead and don't turn to look at you while you are measuring. By repeating this multiple times, you can ensure that the measurement you obtain is correct. Adults have a pupillary distance that ranges from 54 to 74 mm on average.

How to Find Your Local PD While Wearing Reading Glasses?

With the aid of your current distance PD number, measuring your near PD is simple. Deduct 3mm from your distance PD measurement to compute for near PD.

For instance, if your distance PD is 62mm, your close PD will be 59mm. Only 1.5mm would be deducted from each eye measurement if you utilized dual PD measurements.

If your dual PD were 32/30, your dual near PD would be 30.5/28.5.


Pupillary distance measurements analyze the distance between each pupil's centers. Make sure to measure it correctly to prevent problems like headaches and blurred vision.